17 Dams List in Pakistan That You Should Know About
Pakistan is blessed with scenic majestic desserts and an abundance of natural resources. Surprisingly, Pakistan has over 150 dams spanning all areas; however, we have collected a collection of Pakistan’s most renowned dams. These massive structures not only provide electricity and water but are also popular tourist destinations. The vast bulk of structures were constructed between 1960 and 1975. Pakistan is lucky to own the Tarbela dam, the world’s biggest earth-filled dam.
Dams are frequently built on overflowing waterways to control flooding, produce hydroelectricity, and absorb food and power from residents. Do you know how many ponds Pakistan has? With over 150 dams in Pakistan, the majority of which are in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where the Indus River and tributaries flow through the mountains south to the Arabian Sea, most barrages result in the creation of peaceful lakes. As a consequence, barrages are in plentiful supply. There are numerous reputable construction firms in Pakistan that assist in dam development. You must have a basic understanding of Pakistan’s infrastructure. We have collected a collection of Pakistan’s most well-known dams. Following are some major dams in Pakistan.
It is situated close to Swabi and 105 kilometers northwest of Islamabad. This massive barrier was built on the Indus River. The dam’s main function was to store water for irrigation and power production.
The dam’s building began in 1968 and was completed in 1976. The dam was constructed 143 meters above the riverbed and has a holding capacity of 11.1 MAF. The dam’s highest point is 1550 feet above sea level.
In terms of energy creation, the dam has 17 water turbines that are exclusively devoted to producing hydroelectric power. The Tarbela dam generates approximately 70% of hydroelectric electricity with a power production capability of 4888 Megawatts.
Since 1962, the Rawal Dam has served as a water reservoir in Pakistan, providing water to living communities in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The dam has a capacity of approximately 42,000 acre-feet of water. It gets its water from the Korang River and several small tributaries that run down the Margalla Hills. As a result, Rawal Lake, along with Margalla Hills, is a well-known tourist attraction, complete with a beautiful park surrounded by lush trees, pathways, and picnic areas. People visit for leisure purposes such as equestrian riding, boating, and fishing, and vice versa. It’s also a great place for a family gathering.
The park’s highest spot also offers a breathtaking perspective of Rawal Lake, the Margalla Hills, and the twin cities. Private excursions offer a variety of activities such as swimming, boating, sailing, diving, fishing, equestrian riding, and waterboarding. The nearby Islamabad Club also hosts a variety of water sports events on the lake on a daily basis. Check out some of the finest locations in Islamabad for real estate investment. This region is home to a variety of birds, animals, and reptiles, and birdwatchers frequently visit Rawal Dam to see the local species. The lake is also a famous angling spot, with approximately 15 different fish species found in the dam’s waters.
Diamer Basha Dam
A major part of this dam is located in the Kohistan District of KPK with a petite fraction in Diamer.
After being completed it will become the tallest dam in Pakistan. This dam’s construction is going on the Indus River. 4800 Megawatts of energy will be produced by its 12 tribunes. It has an 8 Million Acre Foot water storage capacity with a surface size of 110 square kilometers. The dam’s water will be used for drinking and agriculture.
Former Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf unveiled the proposal for the Diamer Bhasha Dam.
The main barrier to the completion of this dam is the lack of funds despite its inauguration. This 4500 Megawatt power-producing dam project was initially expected to cost $12 billion, but according to various experts, the final cost of the dam could vary between $ 18 and $ 20 billion.
Recently, the construction of the Diamer Bhasha dam has started again and it will take around 9 years to complete the construction. The maximum height of the proposed dam will be 270 meters, and it will have a storage capacity of about 74 million acre-feet. The dam project will cover 110 square kilometers.
According to experts, this dam can bring economic development to Pakistan. It will also increase the lifespan of the Tarbela Dam by 35 years.
Mangla Dam was built in 1965 and was considered the fifth-largest dam in the world at the time of its construction. Currently, it is the 12th largest dam in the world. The Mangla reservoir, with a length of 3140 meters and a height of 147 meters, can hold 7.39 million acre-feet (M.A.F) of water. It is a large dam in Pakistan, which is located in the Mirpur District of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Mangla Dam is one of the cx. Mangla Dam is not only a water reservoir but also a key player in the Indus Waters Basement Treaty between Pakistan and India. It is also the biggest source of irrigation.
The dam was built on the River Jhelum and received its name from the nearby village named ‘Mangla’. This Pakistani water reserve resulted in the creation of Mangla Lake, which is four hours from Lahore and two hours from Islamabad.
Mangla Dam’s primary purpose is irrigation and power generation for the surrounding areas. With its 10 turbines, the dam can produce 1310 Megawatts of electricity. Future plans are for raising its capacity to 1,500 megawatts.
Khanpur Dam, a multifunctional water holding facility is situated in Tehsil Khanpur, District Haripur of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region of Pakistan. It is situated on the Haro River. The main aim of the dam was to give drinking water to the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. Furthermore, the Khanpur dam supplies agricultural water to Islamabad, Haripur, Attock, and Rawalpindi.
The dam’s building began in 1967, and it took 15 years to complete the dam. It is believed that Rs. 1,385.10 million were spent on the building of the Khanpur Dam. Khanpur Dam is 167 feet tall and has a holding capacity of 79,980 acre-feet, according to the WAPDA.
Khanpur is a popular leisure destination for residents. People enjoy viewing the dam, particularly in the summer. Cliff leaping, jet skiing, paddling, and camping are popular visitor activities in the area. There is also a swimming resort here where guests can remain.
Warsak Dam is another massive concrete barrier on the Kabul River in Peshawar’s basin. Pakistan and Canada collaborated to build the dam. Warsak Dam was built in two stages under the Colombo Plan and was funded by the Canadian government.
The Warsak Dam Hydropower Project has a total operational capability of 243 MW
The Pakistan WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority) chose in June 2012 to add a 375 MW powerhouse to Warsak, bringing the overall power production capability to 525 MW.
The government is currently renovating the dam to satisfy the people’s increasing demands. Germany will lend 40 million euros to Pakistan for the restoration of the Warsak hydroelectric power plant on the Kabul River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which was constructed over a half-century ago.
Gomal Zam Dam
Neelum Jhelum Dam
The Neelum Jhelum dam was built quite recently by a Chinese corporation. As the name indicates it designates water from the Neelum River towards the Jhelum River. The Neelum-Jhelum Dam is a hydropower-generating plant located in Azad Kashmir. The dam is a source of 1040 MW since 2008. This historic dam has proven to be the biggest landmark that is helping thousands of people through its hydroelectric power generation. Because the dam is still comparatively new in comparison to other dams in Pakistan, there are few people who are aware of it and have visited it.
The dam’s first stage of construction was started in 2007, the Chinese company was awarded the contract to build the dam, and construction on the site started in 2008. However, the project was hindered for several years before the first generator was effectively released in April 2018. It is one of the lesser structures, but it has great potential.
This electricity facility is located in Pakistan’s Azad Jammu and Kashmir province, approximately 26 miles (42 kilometers) south of Muzaffarabad. It has a 969 MW hydroelectric plant production capability.
Darawat Dam is a lesser-known dam in Sindh Province’s Jamshoro District. It was built in four years and is located on the Nai Bran River. The dam was dedicated in 2013 by Asif Ali Zardari. The dam has a storage capacity of 150 million cubic meters.
This dam primarily serves to irrigate local agriculture while also serving as a tourism attraction for locals who travel from Hyderabad and Karachi for a picnic.
Kurram Tangi Dam
Ever wondered how many dams are under construction in Pakistan? One of the 7 dams is Kurram Tangi Dam. As per the features and attributes, it will be the largest dam in Pakistan.
It is a multifunctional dam in FATA that spans the Kurram River, also known as the Kaitu River. The dam is located 14 kilometers upstream of the Kurram Garhi Headworks and 32 kilometers north of Bannu, KP.
The dam has the potential to produce 83.4 MW of electricity and will be built in two stages. The first stage comprises an 18-foot-tall weir. The dam, which will irrigate 16,000 acres of land and produce 18MW of electricity, is anticipated to be finished in three years. The dam will be an important addition to Pakistan’s overall number of structures.
Mirani Dam is situated on the Dasht River, south of the Central Makran Mountains, in the Kech District of Pakistan’s Balochistan region. It was completed in 2006. It is a 302,000-acre-foot (373,000,000-m3) volume of water fed by the Kech and Nihing rivers.
The Mirani Dam was built in 2001 by Pakistan’s Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) to supply water to the metropolis of Gwadar. Descon Engineering Company completed the job as an EPC.
The dam’s main function was crop farming and agriculture. Kech Valley has cultivable soil, which could be used for cultivation if a consistent water source is provided.
During the summer and during storms, the dam functions as a water holding station.
Another goal of the Mirani Dam is to provide a year-round source of clean drinking water to the cities of Turbat and Gwadar.
The following are some features of Mirani Dam:
Satpara dam is a medium-sized dam in Pakistan among others. The state-of-the-art dam, concrete-filled dam is situated at Satpara Lake on Satpara Creek, about 4 kilometers from Skardu in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan.
The dam is a significant source of electricity production for the surrounding regions. It produces 17.36 Megawatts of hydroelectricity, powers roughly 30,000 homes in the Skardu Valley, irrigate 15,536 acres (62.87 km2) of land, and provides Skardu with 3.1 million gallons of drinking water per day.
The dam’s building began in 2003 and was finished in 2011. The following are some of the dam’s main features:
There are many renowned dams in Pakistan that are still under the building but have quickly gained popularity. Dasu Dam is one of those structures that has garnered traction in Pakistan. Dasu Hydropower Project (DHP) is a 4,320MW hydropower facility being built in Dasu, Kohistan region, KPK.
The Dasu Dam construction location is located 74 kilometers downstream of the Diamer Basha Dam, 345 kilometers from Islamabad, and 240 kilometers upstream of the famous Tarbela Dam. The WAPDA massive hydroelectric project is being developed in two phases. The initiative is part of WAPDA’s Vision 2025 Program, which was started in 2001 as part of the Government of Pakistan’s Power Policy 2013.
Mega-dam will include 12 hydroelectric plants with a total capacity of 360MW. Six units will be put in the first part and six in the second phase. After phase one, the dam’s yearly capacity will be 12,300GWh, and phase two will raise the capacity to 21,700GWh.
The main reason for constructing a dam is to generate hydroelectric electricity. Dams’ primary function is to serve as water storage. Also, Dams built across a river prevent high-flowing water from entering the plains, thus avoiding the occurrence of floods. Dams are important because they provide water for domestic, industrial, and irrigation purposes. Dams are water reservoirs that can be used to hold water for a variety of reasons.
Some of the most important dams are listed above. Dams are extremely important in Pakistan because we are an agricultural nation that requires water for its prosperity and survival. For more information visit Makkaan.com or contact UAN: 03311111049.